Climate change mitigation and adaptation in Mediterranean forests

The rapid climate warming poses unprecedented threats to Mediterranean forest ecosystems. In response, urgent adaptive management strategies are needed to enhance the resilience of the region’s biodiversity-rich forest ecosystems to climate change and to mitigate its impacts.

These strategies aim to preserve forest ecosystems, promote sustainable management practices, and mitigate productivity losses, thereby contributing to the economic stability of the region. Moreover, they focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions while addressing vulnerabilities and promoting resilience.

During this session, we will explore forest responses to climate change-driven threats, including local adaptation and species migration in search of suitable climatic conditions. However, certain migration routes and strategies within the Mediterranean region may face heightened risks due to the formidable barrier posed by the Mediterranean Sea. Nonetheless, mountainous areas have served as climate refuges in the past, preserving species and their crucial genetic diversity essential for survival and adaptation to changing environmental conditions. These areas may act as climatic refuges in the future.

Additionally, the session will examine climate change mitigation efforts tailored to the unique climate, geography, and socio-economic factors of the Mediterranean region. This includes the adoption of sustainable land management practices such as reforestation, afforestation, and agroforestry to sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and enhance ecosystem resilience. Conservation of soils and natural habitats, prevention of deforestation, and promotion of sustainable agriculture and forestry practices are also crucial components.

Mediterranean forest


Pablo Sabín

Pablo Sabín

Chief Executive Officer (Cesefor)
Magda Bou Dagher

Magda Bou Dagher Kharrat

Principal Scientist (EFIMED Facility)